For the child of Light approval should not be confused with the false desire to earn it. In Messiah Yeshua we have (past tense) been approved. Therefore, we should live from that approval and not for it.
Yeshua speaks what follows in Jerusalem prior to (Pesach) Passover. He is among the disciples, and many other devote Jews are overhearing Him. This follows His triumphal entry into the city to the Messianic shouting of tens of thousands of Jewish worshippers and some Greek God fearers.
He has just used the mashal (figure) of the wheat falling to the ground in order to produce fruit as a prophetic image pointing to His death and resurrection. Now He expounds on the imagery by explaining that those who follow Him will also suffer with Him, that is, as He has suffered and will be with Him (in a transcendent way) where He is, both in death and in resurrection.
26 If anyone serves, attends, waits on, ministers to (diakoneo[G]) Me, that one must follow Me, become My disciple (akoloutheo[G]); and where I am, in that place (ekei[G]) My servant (diakonos[G]) will also be; if anyone serves (diakoneo[G]) Me (in the future), My Father (Pater[G], Aviy[H]) will fix value upon, revere, venerate, honour (timao[G]), y’chab’denu[H]) that one.
If one is determined to attend to Yeshua, serve Him, minister to Him, that one must take a step further, beyond mental assent and into discipleship. Discipleship in this context means sitting at the Rabbi’s feet, staying so close so as to be near Him at all times, and thus the essence of the Rabbi is absorbed by the disciple, talmid shel Yeshua. If one truly enters into this relationship with Yeshua, he or she will, by nature of this relationship, be where Yeshua is. Therefore, given the inseparable nature of God, the Father will honour the true disciple of Yeshua as a son or daughter.
27 “Now, at this present time (nun[G]) My breath/soul (psuche[G], nafshiy[H]) has become agitated, disquieted, anxious, distressed, troubled (tarasso[G]); and what shall I say, ‘My Father (Pater[G], Aviy[H]), save Me, keep Me safe, rescue Me (sozo[G]) from the (ho[G]) certain definite time, fixed season, hour (hora[G])’? Nevertheless, through, by, for (dia[G]) this which is to come (erchomai[G]) I came to the certain definite time, fixed season, hour (hora[G]).
Yeshua’s words here are similar to those of His prayer in Gat Sh’maniym (Gethsemane) [Matt. 26:38-39; Mark. 14:34-36; Luke. 22:41-43]. The enormity of the task before Him overwhelms His humanity. He has suffered and been tried in every way as we have and yet remains sinless (Heb. 4:15). There is great comfort here for those suffering mental distress and emotional turmoil. The suffering Messiah walks with us in our suffering, not as a Job’s comforter but as One Who has suffered as we suffer.
We note that it is “through, by, for” His coming death and resurrection that Yeshua has come. It is through His death and resurrection that He brings glory to the Father, and by His death and resurrection that He brings freedom to those imprisoned by sin, and it is for the purpose of reconciling the creation to the Creator that He refuses to give in to distress and anxiety.
28 My Father (Pater[G], Aviy[H]), glorify, extol, magnify, celebrate, convey the thoughts of, adorn with lustre, clothe with splendour (doxazo[G]) Your Name (sh’mecha[H]).” Then a voice came from the heavens (kol min-hashamayim[H], Bat Kol [daughter voice]): “I have glorified, extoled, magnified, celebrated, conveyed the thoughts of, adorned with lustre, clothed with splendour (doxazo[G]) My Name (it), and will glorify, extol, magnify, celebrate, convey the thoughts of, adorn with lustre, clothe with splendour (doxazo[G]) My Name (it) again.”
Notice that Yeshua does not ask the Father to glorify Yeshua’s Name but to glorify the Father’s Name. Many a human being throughout history has relied on the remembrance of their name and its veneration in the temporal world in order to gain some solace at the point of their martyrdom, but Yeshua thinks not of Himself but of the Father and His eternal redemptive purposes. The primary flaw in much of our fallen human thinking is our inability to see beyond the boundaries of time and space, our inability to perceive of something outside of the temporal created universe. We ask for evidence and proof of intangible things, and when none is given we presume that the intangible simply does not exist. Yeshua shows us that even in our most desperate circumstances we can look to the Father our Creator and be certain that there is a truer reality than the one we perceive with our limited intellect.
“Then a voice from the heavens…” In rabbinic tradition this “voice” is known as “Bat Kol” literally “Daughters voice” and is a title given to the voice of an angelic messenger of God. Following the last prophet of the Tanakh it is said that the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) did not manifest Himself among the people of Israel but that instead the voice of an angelic messenger would from time to time speak from the heavens.
“After the death of Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, the last of the prophets, the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) ceased from Israel; nevertheless they received communications from God through the medium of the Bat Kol.” -Tosefta Sotah 13:2
The rabbis also say that the Bat Kol is:
"a voice that comes out of heaven proceeding from the midst of another voice,'' -Piske Tosefot in T. Bab. Sanhedrin, art. 30.
One of the rabbis of the Talmud R. Yochanan ben Zaccai, was said to be well versed in the language and speech of angelic beings (Talmud Bavliy Sukkah, fol. 28. 1. & Bava Bathra, fol. 134. 1.).
It is impossible to narrow down the many ways God had glorified His Name prior to these words into just one instance. In reality, the Father is referring to all that has gone before that has brought glory to His Name, and to all that is to proceed from the redemptive work of Yeshua, bringing perpetual glory to the Name of YHVH the God of Israel and of all creation.
29 Therefore, the crowd (ochlos[G]) who stood by and heard it were saying that it had thundered; others were saying, “A messenger/angel (aggelos[G], malakh[H]) has spoken to Him.”
The first clause emulates the response of Israel to the thundering of God at Sinai (Exodus 19:18-19). The second clause reflects the rabbinic understanding of the Bat Kol (as explained in the previous notation).
30 Yeshua[H A] (YHVH Saves, Joshua) answered and said, “The voice (ha-kol[H]) has not come for My sake, but for your sakes.
Yeshua was aware of the tradition among the teachers of Israel who taught that no man (no would be prophet, Messiah etc.) was to be listened to or received, even if he were to do as many great signs and wonders as Moses, unless the people of Israel were to hear the Lord speaking audibly to him as He did to Moses (R. Mosis Kotsensis praefat. ad Mitzvot Torah).
31 Now a separating, judgement, decision (krisis[G], nidin[H]) is upon this world (kosmos[G], ha-olam[H]); the present ruler, first in rank, a prince (archon[G], sar[H]) of this world (kosmos[G], ha-olam[H]) will be violently driven out (ekballo[G]).
The driving out of the “ruler of this world” is a reference to the removal of the keys to death and hades from the one who had been given temporal control over them. That one being Satan the adversary and accuser of humanity. Thus, we see Yeshua pictured in the Revelation of John holding the keys to death and Hades as the living One Who was dead but is now alive forever perpetually and is victor over death (Revelation 1:18).
The text is not saying that Satan will no longer have any influence in the fallen creation but that he has had the temporal control over death (the fruit of sin) removed from Him even while the present world order remains within the domain of death, which is within time and space. Therefore, Satan’s influence is reduced and He no longer has the ability to hold death over the heads of those who Yeshua will redeem through His death and resurrection.
The reference to Satan being violently driven out is intentionally ambiguous. It means that Yeshua’s violent death will result in Satan being violently driven out of his temporal place of rule.
One sees here that Satan has never been on equal footing in the battle between good and evil. In fact, as a created being he is subject to the Creator and is nothing more than a footnote in the eternal purposes of God for His creation. Satan has been allowed certain temporal power in order to facilitate the decision required in order to validate love. The so called “problem of evil” is only a problem to those whose vision is limited to time and space (the present world). From the point of view of Yeshua, even when present within time and space, Satan and the problem of evil have already been solved, overcome, done away with, through the sacrificial act of vicarious love that Yeshua has committed Himself to from before the creation of the world (1 Peter 1:19-20; Revelation 13:8).
It’s interesting to note that our rabbis use the title “Sar haolam” Prince of the world in reference to the angel of death (Talmud Bavliy Yebamot, fol. 16. 2. & Sanhedrin, fol. 94. 1. & Cholin, fol. 60. 1.).
32 And I, if I am lifted up from the land (ho ge[G], ha-aretz[H]), will draw all individually (pas[G]) near to Myself.” 33 Moreover He was saying this to give a sign (semaino[G]) of the nature of death (thanatos[G]) by which He was to die.
In describing the type of death He would die Yeshua also reveals the intrinsic link between glory (being lifted up in exaltation) and sacrifice (being lifted up on a Roman cross of execution). In fact, Yeshua’s vicarious sacrifice is evidence of God’s incomparable love and is therefore a manifestation of His glory.
The Talmud Bavliy says that in the Olam Haba (world to come), the days of the Messiah (Messianic age), all the proselytes shall be g’ruriym גרורים, "drawn" to the sign or banner raised up by the Messiah, and will freely join the people of Israel (Talmud Bavliy Avoda Zara, fol. 24. 1. & Gloss. in ib.).
34 The crowd (ochlos[G]) then answered Him, “We have heard out of the Torah (ho nomos[G], ha-Torah[H]) that the Messiah (Christos[G], Mashiyach[H]) is to remain forever in an unbroken age (aion[G]); and how can You say, ‘The Son of Humanity (uihos ho Anthropos[G], Ben ha-Adam[H]) must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Humanity (uihos ho Anthropos[G], Ben ha-Adam[H])?”
“the Messiah is to remain forever in an unbroken age” In this context Torah/Law (nomos[G]) refers to the entirety of Hebrew Scripture (Tanakh). The reference that the crowd makes to the eternal reign of the Messiah can be linked to a number of Scriptures from the Tanakh (OT).
“The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” -Psalm 110:4 ESV
Our rabbis say the following concerning Zechariah 4:14, relating the two anointed ones, Aaron and the Messiah:
"These are Aaron and the Messiah; and it would not be known which of them is (most) beloved, but that he says, Psalm 110:4, ‘the Lord has sworn, and will not repent, you are a priest for ever’; from whence it is manifest that the Messiah is more beloved than Aaron the righteous priest.'' - Avot R. Natan, c. 34.
Rabbi Moshe Hadarsan writes:
Psalm 45:1-2 is also understood by our ancient writers to be an allusion to the King Messiah.
“My heart overflows with a pleasing theme; I address my verses to the king; my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe. You are the most handsome of the sons of men; grace is poured upon your lips; therefore God has blessed you forever.” -Psalm 45:1-2 ESV
The Targum (2nd Century Aramaic paraphrase) renders: "thy beauty, O King Messiah, is more excellent than the children of men.''
Psalm 72:17 is interpreted by numerous rabbinical commentators as referring to the perpetual nature of the Messiah (T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 54. 1. Nedarim, fol. 39. 2. Bereshit Rabba, fol. 1, 2. Echa Rabbati, fol. 50. 2. Pirke Eliezer, c. 32.):
“May his name endure forever, his fame continue as long as the sun! May people be blessed in him, all nations call him blessed!” -Psalm 72:17 ESV
“how can You say, ‘The Son of Humanity (Ben ha-Adam) must be lifted up’?” They are not saying that they don’t know what the Messianic title “Son of Man” (taken from the prophet Daniel 7:13) means, rather they are asking to whom it applies. We know this because they link the title “Son of Man” to their question regarding the Torah, showing that they see the Messiah and the Son of Man as being synonymous titles.
Both ancient and modern Jewish scholars alike agree that Daniel 7:13 is a reference to the Messiah (Zohar in Gen. fol. 85. 4. Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 13. fol. 209. 4. Yarchi & Sandiah Gaon in Dan. vii. 13. & R. Yeshua in Iben Ezra in ib.).
35 Therefore, Yeshua[H A] (YHVH Saves, Joshua) said to them, “For a little while longer the all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]) is among you. Walk halachically (hit’hal’chu[H]) while you have the all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]), so that darkness [created] (skotia[G], choshekh[H]) will not take hold of (katalambano[G]) you; he who walks his halacha (ha-holeich[H]) in the darkness [created] (bachoshekh[H]) does not see, perceive (eido[G]) where he goes.
Messiah Yeshua is the all existing Light that walks among them and will soon ascend to the Father. Therefore, while He is among them they are to “walk”, that is practice faith according to the Light of the King Messiah. Their halakhah (applied faith) must reflect Yeshua’s teaching and practice. The counterpoint to this is the consequence of darkness taking hold of those who fail to walk according to the Light of Yeshua. We note that the Light of Yeshua is not created but all existing, while the darkness is a created thing that is subject to the Creator, to Yeshua. Thus, the one who “walks” practices faith in darkness, practices vain faith and is unable to see (perceive) even the direction he is heading in.
36 While you have the all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]), believe, be persuaded, trust (pisteuo[G], ha-amiynu[H]) in the all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]), so that you may become children of the all existing Light (b’neiy ha-Or[H]).” These things Yeshua[H A] (YHVH Saves, Joshua) spoke, and He went away and hid Himself from them.
We note that only those who trust in the all existing Light of Yeshua will become children of Light. All human beings are children of creation and therefore in one sense children of God. However, throughout Scripture a distinction is made between B’nai ha-Adam (children of fallen humanity) and B’nai Elohiym (children of God). Therefore, in another sense only those who receive the Light of God are truly children of God. “Children of Light” is synonymous with “B’nai Elohiym” children of God.
“Children of Light” is not as some suppose an allusion to Essene theology. In fact, Yeshua’s teaching could not have been further from the esoteric teaching of the Essenes. So much so that Yeshua never addressed the Essenes or acknowledged them as part of God’s continued plan for the ethnic, religious, empirical, chosen people of Israel. Far too much conjecture has been entered into by so called “Messianic” Bible teachers, who make erroneous claims concerning the Essene sect, linking Yeshua to the cult using nothing more than conjecture and supposition. In fact the teaching of the Essenes has more in common with the false belief of Gnosticism than it does with Judeo-Messianic thought.
37 But though He had made (asah[H]) so many miraculous signs (otot[H]) before them, they were not believing, being persuaded, trusting (pisteuo[G], he’emiynu[H]) in Him.
In spite of the many signs Yeshua performed and the audible voice from the heavens, there were still many who didn’t trust in Him as the promised King Messiah.
38 Fully filling the word, essence, substance (ho logos[G], ha-Davar[H]) of Yishayahu[H] (Isaiah: Salvation He is YHVH[H]) the prophet (ha-naviy[H]) which he spoke: “Lord (YHVH[H]: Mercy), who has trusted (he’emiyn[H]) our report? And upon whom has the arm (zeroah[H]) of the Lord been uncovered, revealed, made naked (nig’latah[H])?[Isaiah 53:1]”
The author of John’s Gospel quotes the prophet Isaiah intending the full context of Isaiah 53:1-12 to be considered.
We note that a connection is made between the present verse and the beginning of the Gospel linking the Davar, word essence of God to both Yeshua and the words of Isaiah made manifest.
This tragic indictment observes the public revelation of Messiah to the people of Israel and our inability to comprehend Him. So obvious is His person among us that it is as if He were made naked before us. And yet, we failed to receive Him corporately at His first coming, though many believed individually.
39 For this reason they could not believe, trust (pisteuo[G], l’ha’amiyn[H]), for Yishayahu[H] (Isaiah: Salvation He is YHVH[H]) said again, 40 “He has shut (hasha[H]) their eyes and He made their heart (leiv[H]) fat (hash’mein[H]), otherwise they would not see (yir’eh[H]) with their eyes and understand, consider, discern (yaviyn[H]) with their heart (leiv[H]), and return (vashav[H]) and I heal (v’rafa[H]) them. [Isaiah 6:10]”
Once again the context of Isaiah 6 is intended. The reality was that we had allowed ourselves to become numb to God’s voice and under Roman oppression had become preoccupied with the temporal goal of freedom from servitude to a foreign power rather than concerning ourselves with our nation’s need for freedom from idolatry and godlessness.
The poetic imagery of the prophet Isaiah likens the clogging of the arteries to the spiritual condition of the inner being. We note that our return as a people needs to begin in our willingness to be discerning with our vision: only then can we return to be healed, made whole. This is a poignant reminder for the present age where the media seeks to cloud our vision with false reports and immoral agendas. We are challenged as followers of Messiah to be discerning, listening to the voice of the Ruach HaKodesh rather than the voice (spirit) of the air (Satan). Sadly, many so called “believers” today have fallen victim to spiritual fatness of heart (core being) and have been taken hold of by the darkness of the age.
41 These things Yishayahu[H] (Isaiah: Salvation He is YHVH[H]) said because he saw His (Yeshua/YHVH[H]) opinion, judgement, view, glory and he spoke of Him (Yeshua/YHVH[H]).
Yochanan the author once more makes the connection between Yeshua and Deity. The glory Yeshua spoke of in the previous verses was that of the Father, now the author of the Gospel notes that Isaiah said these things as a result of seeing the glory of the Son.
It seems likely that Yochanan is referring to Isaiah 6:1-3:
“In the year of King Uzziah’s death, I saw Adonai sitting on a throne, high and lifted up,[a] and the train of His robe filled the Temple. 2 Seraphim were standing above Him. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 One called out to another, and said:
‘Holy, holy, holy, is Adonai-Tzva’ot!
The whole earth is full of His glory.’” -Isaiah 6:1-3 TLV
Therefore, John’s Gospel makes the glory of God the Father and the glory of God the Son echad (One, a complex unity).
Keep in mind that part of Yeshua’s glory is His death and the resulting resurrection and assent. We need also understand that this means that Isaiah saw and received the Messiah Yeshua some 700 years before Yeshua was born into time and space. So much for “progressive revelation”.
42 Nevertheless many even of the rulers, princes, leaders [both religious and secular] (archon[G], ha-shariym[H]) believed, trusted (he’emiynu[H]) in Him (Yeshua), but because of the P’rushiym[H] (Pharisees, chaste ones) they were not confessing Him, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue (aposunagogos[G]);
“many even of the rulers, princes, leaders [both religious and secular] (archon[G], ha-shariym[H]) believed, trusted (he’emiynu[H]) in Him (Yeshua)” Many among the ruling religious class believed. This means Pharisees, Priests, secular rulers, and yes, even some Sadducees.
“but because of the P’rushiym[H] (Pharisees, chaste ones) they were not confessing Him, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue (aposunagogos[G]);” Retrospectively the author of the Gospel would have loved for his fellow Jews to step up and have the godly chutzpah to profess their faith at this time, but having lived to see the outworking of God’s redemptive purpose he also knew that Yeshua had to enter death and resurrection as the King Messiah. Therefore, we should not stand passing judgement against those among the rulers who believed. They were in an extremely difficult position and would later become emboldened following Shavuot (Pentecost), spreading the Good News by the Spirit of God in them.
“put out of the synagogue (aposunagogos[G])” [John 9:22] In the first century it was more common to refer to being cast out of the “Congregation of Israel” when referring to full excommunication from the people and religion of Judaism. The rabbinical equivalent exercised against the messianic Jewish community of the early body of believers was called “cherem” (lit. devote to destruction) The threat of the present text does not necessarily refer to cherem, a form of complete excommunication from the congregation of Israel, meaning they would shunned by the community but not refused entry to the Temple precinct (there was no Great Synagogue at the time because the Temple was the central place of Jewish Worship until 70 CE). However, regardless of the specific intent, it was a significant threat, given that the local synagogue acted as a type of community centre, as well as a subsidiary place of worship and Torah study, and that those who were “cherem” (if this was the implied threat) were only to enter through the mourners (and the excommunicated) gate of the Temple and move to the left contrary to the practice of others, proclaiming the state of their excommunication.
"all that go into the temple, go in, in the right hand way, and go round, and come out in the left, except such an one to whom anything has befallen him, and he goes about to the left; (and when asked) why dost thou go to the left? (he answers) because I am a mourner; (to whom it is replied) he that dwells in this house comfort thee: (or) שאני מנודה, "because I am excommunicated"; (to whom they say) he that dwells in this house put it into thy heart (that thou mayest hearken to the words of thy friends, as it is afterwards explained) and they may receive thee.'' -Mishnah. Middot, c. 2. sect. 2.
43 for they loved the glory, judgement, approval, opinion, view (doxa[G], kevod[H]) of human beings (agappao[G], anashiym[H]) rather than the glory, approval (doxa[G], kevod[H]) of the God (ho-Theos[G], ha-Elohiym[H]).
This is a sad indictment on us all. It is not that we don’t love the glory and approval of God, rather it is that we have compromised ourselves in order to receive the glory and approval of human beings. In doing so we show that we do not properly understand the fruit of either. The glory and approval of human beings may reap temporal comfort but it will inevitably reap eternal destruction whereas the glory and approval of God may reap temporary discomfort but will ultimately reap eternal life.
For the child of Light approval should not be confused with the false desire to earn it. In Messiah Yeshua we have (past tense) been approved. Therefore, we should live from that approval and not for it.
44 And Yeshua[H A] (YHVH Saves, Joshua) cried out like a raven (krazo[G]) and said, “He who believes, trusts (pisteuo[G], hama’amiyn[H]) in Me, does not believe, trust (pisteuo[G], ma’amiyn[H]) in Me but in Him who sent Me.
Yeshua screams this truth above the crowd of Passover worshippers. Ref. “If you have seen Me you have seen the Father” (John 14:7, 9). “Seen” meaning, “perceived, received, understood, accepted etc.”
45 He who sees Me observes, looks attentively to (theoreo[G]) the One who sent Me. 46 I have come, all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]) into the world (kosmos[G], ha-olam[H]), so that everyone who believes, trusts ((pisteuo[G], hamamiyn[H]) in Me will not remain in darkness [created] (ba-choshekh[H]).
The Greek theoreo further affirms the depth of sight (spiritual) required in a person’s seeking out God the Father.
“I have come, all existing Light [not created] (ho phos[G], ha-Or[H]) into the world” This statement makes a clear distinction between the created light of the fallen world (Sun, moon etc.) and the all existing Light of the King Messiah. The Light of Messiah has entered the world and has eclipsed the created light of the sin affected days of the present creation. Therefore, the created darkness is removed from those who receive Yeshua’s all existing Light.
47 If anyone hears (akouo[G], v’hashomeia[H]) My spoken words (rhema[G], d’variy[H]) and does not keep, guard (phulasso[G], yish’mereim[H]) them, I do not separate, pronounce judgement on (krino[G]) him; for I did not come to separate, pronounce judgement on (krino[G], eshpot[H]) the world (kosmos[G], ha-olam[H]), but to save (sozo[G], l’hoshiya[H]) the world (kosmos[G], ha-olam[H]).
The Greek rhema refers to spoken word, whereas the Hebrew davar is the sum of all aspects of word, substance. Yeshua is calling attention to His public teaching, after all, who can hear that which they haven’t had the opportunity to listen to.
“for I did not come to separate, pronounce judgement on the world, but to save the world…” This applies to Yeshua’s first coming. He has come the first time in order to give Himself as the substitutionary sacrifice that enables others to come to salvation. However, He will return to Judge (Matt. 25:31-46; John 5:22, 27; 2 Cor. 5:10; ). In fact the following verse tells us that the very word that issues from the mouth of Yeshua will judge humanity in the last day, that being Yom HaDin (Day of the Judgement).
48 He who disregards, rejects, does away with (atheteo[G]) Me and does not receive, take hold of (lambano[G]) My spoken words (rhema[G], d’variy[H]) has one who separates, pronounces judgement on (krino[G], yadiyn[H]) him; the word, essence, substance (ho logos[G], ha-Davar[H]) I spoke is what will separate, pronounce judgement on (krino[G], yadiyn[H]) him at the extreme last day (eschatos hemera[G], bayom ha’achron[H]).
The “One” Who passes judgement on the last day is both the Father and the word of Yeshua.
49 For I did not speak on My own initiative, but My Father (ho Pater[G], Aviy[H]) Himself who sent Me has given Me a command, charge, injunction (entole[G]) to be spoken (epo[G]) and to be uttered (laleo[G]).
The commandment given to Yeshua is not, as some foolish so called Messianics’ teach, the Torah. Those who insist that the Torah is the centre of faith are idolaters and false guides. Rather the commandment given of the Father specifically to and through Yeshua is the sum of the Torah and the eternal application of that part of the Torah which remains (not all of the Torah is necessary in the Olam Haba. There will be no need for “Thou shalt not…” in a world devoid of sin).
The “command, charge, injunction” given to Yeshua by the Father concerns the freeing of those made captive to sin and its fruit death. The resulting command, injunction, bearing the fruit of eternal life.
50 And I see, perceive (eido[G], yodatiy[H]) that His command, charge, injunction (entole[G], mitzvato[H]) is eternal life (zoe aionios[G], chayeiy olam[H]); therefore the things I speak, I speak in the same manner as My Father (ho Pater[G], Aviy[H]) has told Me.”
The Greek word entole is best translated “injunction” here. In the usual English sense and within the limitations of time and space eternal life is not a command but an injunction that puts an end to the fruit of sin and is an ongoing charge to those who are being sanctified within time and space until that point in time when eternity and the temporal world converge at the second coming of the resurrected King Messiah Yeshua.
The manner of the Father is manifest in the Son as the outworking of His redemptive purpose for humanity.
© Yaakov Brown 2020